I have written this topic with the hope that it will help people to actually know what type of rifle they owne instead of just saying that the owne a Turkish Mauser. now this topic will not cover all of the Turk mausers but it will cover the most commones on the recent market. The history of the Turkish Mauser is not very well documented and something that we learn new facts about on a very common basis so i will do my best to give the most true and up to date facts as possible.
1). A 1893 Turk with cutoff box and stright stock. The Turkish 1893 was the first and only Mauser rifle ever to be built with a magazine cuttoff. This example still retains the Cuttoff box but unfortunaly the rest of the cuttoff mechinism has been removed long ago.
2). 1893 Turkish Mauser. This Example was upgraded in 1938 by removing the magazine cuttoff box and having the stock replaced with a more modern pattern piece of furniture.
3). 1903/30 These rifles started out life as 1903 pattern Mauser built in Germany on Contract for Turkey. The 1903 patern is am intermediate action meaning its receiver and bolt are shorter in length in compairison to ones of a K98. when the Turks began upgrading these rifles in 1930 they had to cut a notch in the front ring of the receiver so that the action could accept the new 8MM cartridge. many of these rifles have tear drop shapped bolt handles.
4). Turkish short rifle. This Model of Turk Mauser should not be refered to a "Carbine" but insted should be called a "Short Rifle" because that is exactly what it is. This example started off life as a German K98az that was converted in 1938 to Turkish standards. the bolt pictured in the Rifle is not correct, the rifle should have a bent bolt.
5). This is a German Gew 98 that was converted to a Turkish standards in 1937.
The Turkish Republic updated their old rifles to a common configuration commonly know, here in the US, as the Model of 1938 While actually starting the conversions in 1933 any rifle converted to this standard is commonly called Model 38.
Gew 98 converted M38s can be easily identified a small hole through the front of the trigger guard that was originally used for a sling swivel. also Gew98 convert rifles tend to have caputure screws along with the standard action screws.
The Turkish Crest has been stamped on very strong, but if you look close you can still see a little of the German crest that was not completly scrubed off.
6). Here is an ATF Turk. This example started out as a Gew 98 that was converted to Turk standards in 1954. These rifles were the last batch of Gew 98 to be converted to Turkish standards.
7). The model M38 name is just a name that importers gave to the rifles that the Turks started producing around 1938-1940. This model is also commonly refered as a K.Kale rifle, they were built on actions that were made in Turky until 1946. It is not uncommon to find German marked parts on K.Kale rifles but most of the actions are of Turkish origin.
This example is 1940 K.Kale, it was made in the first year of production of the K.Kale rifles. You can see that the rear barrel band has the band spring on the right side of the stock, this is rare as most of the K.Kale rifles do not use a band spring.
Here are two examples of Later K.Kale rifles. Both examples from 1943, as you can see there is no Band spring present of either example. They instead have what appeares to be a screw that goes through the band, but it is not a screw, it's a pin and it is staked on the left side of the band.
Although it is not really known when the Turks stopped using their Mausers, look at what's marked on the butt of a 1937 reworked Gew 98 from candyman's collction.
Pictures are Courtesy of candyman